گمرک

Foreign trade volume reached $ 52 billion

According to Tejarat News, quoting the Iranian Customs, “Mehdi Mirasharfi”, Director General of the Iranian Customs, said: “Comparing Iran’s non-oil exports with the same period last year in terms of weight and value shows a decrease of 17 and 20 percent, respectively.”

He added: “This amount of exports, considering the conditions caused by the outbreak of Covid-19 epidemic and the oppressive US sanctions, is a sign of the efforts of exporters as well as our country’s producers, and it is predicted that it will continue to increase in the remaining months of the year.” Give.

Mirasharafi stated: The main destinations of Iran’s exports during this period are China with 20 million and 600 thousand tons worth 6 billion and 400 million dollars, Iraq with 20 million and 800 thousand tons worth 5 billion and 900 million dollars, the United Arab Emirates with 11 million and 400 thousand tons were worth 3 billion and 300 million dollars, Turkey with 5 million and 400 thousand tons were worth 1 billion and 800 million dollars and Afghanistan with 5 million and 200 thousand tons were worth 1 billion and 700 million dollars.

The Director General of Iran’s Customs also said: “The share of imports in total foreign trade in this period was 25 million tons in weight and 26 billion and 800 million dollars in value, which is one percent in weight and value compared to the same period last year.” It has decreased by 16%.

He emphasized: out of 25 million tons of goods imported to the country, 17 million and 500 thousand tons are basic goods. 70% of the weight of import is 25 items of basic goods.

Mirashrafi stated: The origin of imported goods in the first 9 months of this year are China with 2 million and 600 thousand tons worth seven billion dollars, the United Arab Emirates with 3 million and 500 thousand tons worth 6 billion and 300 million dollars, Turkey with three million And 500 thousand tons worth three billion dollars, India with 1.8 million tons worth 1.6 billion dollars and Germany with 911 thousand tons of goods worth 1.3 billion dollars.

According to him, during this period, 5 million and 200 thousand tons of goods have been transited from the territory of Iran to neighboring countries, which shows a decrease of 10.9 compared to the same period of the previous year.

It is worth mentioning that with the outbreak of Corona virus in March of this year, most of the country’s borders were closed and this process continued until May, but with the gradual reopening of borders and normalization of crossings, Iran’s trade with the world resumed and is now compensating. We are the first month of the year.

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25,000 billion toman investment in Shahid Rajaei port

According to Tejarat News, Mohammad Eslami, Minister of Roads and Urban Development, at the signing ceremony of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Ports and Maritime Organization with four domestic companies and a Chinese company to invest in 2400 hectares of Shahid Rajaei port, stated about the objectives of this memorandum and investments: The goals pursued in this Memorandum of Understanding are to facilitate logistics and transform ports into third generation ports, and important steps have been taken in this direction.

He added: “By transforming Shahid Rajaei ports and other ports in the country into third generation ports, we are trying to reduce the share of the Iranian market in the cost price of goods, and at the same time, by creating economic and commercial attractions, we are trying to create competition in the country’s ports.” We are creating sustainable exports, which is being done with great efforts in Shahid Rajaei port.

The Minister of Roads and Urban Development continued: “Currently, 2400 hectares of new lands have been joined to Shahid Rajaei port to create trade development plans within this port, and this is an important step that has been done by signing a memorandum with an investment of about 25,000 billion tomans.”

He enumerated investment in the coastal lands of Shahid Rajaei port in five fields of activity in the fields of container construction, establishment of zinc, lead and manganese factories, construction of home appliance production factories and establishment of a refinery.

The Minister of Roads and Urban Development stated the importance of investments in the suburban lands of Shahid Rajaei to create 20,000 jobs and said: “These memorandums focus on the issue of being knowledgeable and making the activities competitive.” Some of these investments are also foreign and their main purpose is export markets, which was also emphasized in facilitating and accelerating this matter when signing the memorandum.

Noting that the necessary coordination has been established in the province for facilitation by the governor and provincial officials, Eslami added: “The implementation schedule of these investment projects is a maximum of three years, which must be completed.”

He mentioned the development of trade in other ports as another program being implemented by the Ministry of Roads and Urban Development and said: “The total capacity of ports is currently 280 million tons, which should reach at least twice the capacity in five years.” It is planned to increase the capacity of Makran coastal ports to 220 million tons.

The Minister of Roads and Urban Development reminded: in the comprehensive plan of logistics and transportation of the country, three logistics cities, including Chabahar, Bandar Abbas and Mahshahr were approved. Thus, these three major industrial-commercial hubs, and three powerful ports, can be a source of energy and empowerment that drives investment and development forward, and builds trust so that investors can invest more and more in the country’s ports.

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Iran is the second largest exporter of pistachios to China

According to Tejarat News, a look at the statistics of pistachio exports and production in 2020 shows that despite the trade war between the United States and China, the amount of direct exports of American pistachios to China has tripled.

The American Pistachio Growers Association (APG) in its annual report entitled “Global Pistachio Trade in 2020” provided statistics and information on the state of pistachio production and exports in the world, in detail the recent trends in pistachio trade.
The most important producers of pistachios 2020

The United States and Iran have pioneered the production of pistachios in the world, followed by Turkey and Syria. Of course, given the war situation in Syria, the statistics of this country are not very reliable.

However, countries such as Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Egypt, Greece, Lebanon, Israel, Italy, Morocco, Spain and Tunisia also produce pistachios, but due to the low volume of production, most of this product is consumed within these countries.

According to USDA GAIN, the People’s Republic of China has planted about 4,000 hectares of pistachios in the Xinjiang region.

It is commonly thought that producing countries should not be importing pistachios. However, both the United States and Turkey are importing pistachios.

These countries import pistachio kernels; Because this way they can send their pistachios for export to countries like China with cheap labor and those countries do the work of pistachio kernels.
Iran increases Turkish exports

Another reason why Turkey imports pistachios at the same time is that in the past year, our country has exported most of its pistachio products to Turkey.

Although in the 2019-2020 crop year, Turkey’s production decreased by 60%, but it is interesting that the country’s exports have increased by 235% compared to last year.

This growth is in line with the increase in Iran’s exports to Turkey. In fact, the volume of 15.2 million pounds (6,894 tons) is more than the average export of Iran to Turkey over the past four years.
Important countries importing pistachios

The world’s largest pistachio import markets are Hong Kong, the People’s Republic of China, Germany and Belgium, respectively. Of course, not all of these countries import pistachios directly.

Reasons for indirect and indirect imports can be:

Strategic business goals
Product quality issues
Escape from domestic and foreign laws
The most important non-pistachio importing / exporting countries

Hong Kong is one of these countries, which is practically the largest indirect medium of pistachio transport. The largest volume of pistachios imported to this country goes to Vietnam.

Germany, the United Arab Emirates, the Netherlands and Vietnam itself are among the countries that, although they do not produce pistachios, play an important role in its transportation.

According to the European Union, 28 members of the European Union imported 178 million pounds of raw pistachios (about 80,740 tons) from the United States in 2019.

Of course, the figure announced by the United States is less than 6 million pounds (about 2,721 tons).

Meanwhile, US pistachio exports to Hong Kong and China have declined over the past three years due to the US trade war with China.

This report states that from July 23, 2018 (July 1, 1397) to July 22, 2019 (July 1, 98), 294 million pounds (about 133,356 tons) were exported from Iran.

Of this volume, 22.1 million pounds (about 10,000 tons) was exported to the United Arab Emirates and 23.6 million pounds to Turkey (10,700 tons) to Turkey.

Of course, it goes without saying that these two countries have been the only intermediaries in the transfer and export of Iranian pistachios.
Triple the direct import of American pistachios to China

Although the trade war between the United States and China has prompted China to increase import tariffs on the country, the point is that American pistachios are still in demand in China.

Although Iran is the second largest exporter of pistachios to China, the shortage of this product, which existed in 2018-2019, continued last year.

Nevertheless, we saw changes in the pistachio trade and the Chinese and Hong Kong markets.

Total US pistachio exports to China (ie direct exports, not through Hong Kong) have increased by. 60.7 million (about 27,533 tonnes) compared to 2018.

Meanwhile, US exports to Hong Kong fell by 42 42 million; Thus, a larger share of US pistachios has reached China directly instead of being exported through Hong Kong.

41% of pistachios exported to China went to China in 2019, while last year only 15% of this shipment went directly to China.

Tariffs for US roasted pistachios are lower than for raw pistachios, but exports to China have fallen by 11 11.5 million.

Imports from the United States rose from میلیون 30 million to. 90.6 million, according to US export reports.

Data from Hong Kong and China also confirm the US figures.

So China was the best US pistachio market in 2019; 41Because 41% of total US pistachio exports have gone to this country.

In 2019, China’s tariff for American pistachios was 55%.

That is why Vietnam became one of the main destinations for American pistachios to be exported to China through this country with a tariff close to zero. Because Vietnam is a member of the ASEAN countries.

Of course, it goes without saying that in 2019, about 45 million pounds of pistachios were exported to Vietnam, which is a decrease of 20 million pounds compared to 65 million pounds in 2018.

This is the third year that imports have dropped significantly.
India; More imports from the US, less from Iran

Indian pistachio imports have changed dramatically over the past few years

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Imports of 17.5 million tons of basic goods in the first 9 months of this year

According to Tejarat News, Customs Spokesman Seyed Ruhollah Latifi stated: More than 25 million tons of goods have entered the country in the first 9 months of this year, of which 70% by weight are 25 basic goods weighing 17 and a half million tons.

He added: five goods of corn, barley, oilseeds, crude oil and liquid and soybean meal imported with government currency, 12 million 296 thousand 325 tons worth 4 billion 145 million 409 thousand 440 dollars to It accounts for more than 49% of the country’s total imports and 70.5% of imports of basic goods by weight.

Latifi explained about the amount of imports of these five items: Corn with 7 million 249 thousand 306 tons worth 1 billion 779 million 205 thousand 676 dollars was not only the first subsidized commodity in the country in terms of value and weight, but also in All commodity groups in this period is the first imported commodity of the country, after corn, among the basic commodities, oilseeds with 1,846,586 tons and worth 949,756,439 dollars, semi-solid, crude and liquid oils With 756,121 tons worth 627 million 869 thousand 733 dollars, soybean meal with 1 million 103 thousand 807 tons worth 461 million 746 thousand 310 dollars and barley with 1 million 340 thousand 505 tons worth $ 326,831,282 are next, respectively.

Regarding other basic goods, the customs spokesman said: medicine, equipment and medical supplies with 1 billion 231 million 672 thousand 44 dollars, rice with 707 million 872 thousand 181 dollars, wheat with 696 million 517 thousand 186 dollars, raw sugar With 357 million and 234 thousand and 135 dollars, machines for the production of basic goods with 327 million and 278 thousand and 347 dollars, dry tea with 221 million and 187 thousand and 82 dollars, heavy tires with 206 million and 249 thousand and 654 dollars, dough Paper with 144 million 253 thousand 821 dollars, printing and writing paper with 142 million 601 thousand 869 dollars, chemical fertilizers with 123 million 783 thousand 278 dollars, beans with 111 million 369 thousand 400 dollars, heavy cold red meat With 104 million 737 thousand 670 dollars, chemical technical toxins with 58 million 438 thousand 853 dollars, essential veterinary medicines with 47 million 25 thousand 268 dollars, packing butter with 38 million 474 thousand 446 dollars, hot red meat With 28 million 611 thousand 311 dollars, newspaper with 3 million 799 thousand 640 dollars and chicken with 203 thousand 408 dollars, respectively, the rest of the group of basic goods of the country. They were in the first nine months of 1999 when they entered the country and were cleared through customs.

Latifi added in the end: the import of basic goods has decreased by 2% in terms of weight compared to the same period of the previous year. With the import of more than two million and 136 thousand and 175 tons of basic goods in December, about two hundred thousand tons compared to the monthly average and about 450 thousand tons compared to November, more basic goods have been cleared in this month.